TheÂ Dule TempleÂ (as known as â€œTemple of Solitary Joy”) is a Buddhist temple located in Jixian town, city ofÂ Tianjin,Â China. The temple is both historically and architecturally significant. Its origin dates back at least to the early Tang Dynasty. No building from that era has survived on the site. But the Shan Gate and the Guanyin Pavilion, still in existence, were constructed during a renovation of the temple in the second year ofÂ Tonghe EmperorÂ of the Liao Dynasty (984 AD). These buildings, both central features of the temple, were designed and constructed by the local architects and craftsmen on the basis of the Tang architectural technology and carving techniques, and they are among the oldest surviving wooden buildings in China.
The Shan Gate (As known as “Hill Gate”) is a single-story building that stands 10 meters tall and has three single-eaves Wudian roofs that have four slopes and five ridges. It functions as the front gate on the temple’s south side and houses the statues of two guardian kings.
The Guanyin Pavilion (As known as â€œCentral Hall) is a three-story timber structure with five single-eaves Xieshan roofs which are half-hipped, half-gabled roofs. The pavilion has a height of about 23 meters and consists of more than one thousand individual pieces.Â Inside the hall there is a clay statue of Guanyin with the heads of ten small Buddhas on its crown, named “Eleven-face Guanyin clay sculpture”. The statue, measuring 16 meters in height, is the biggest of its kind in ancient China.
The Dule Temple was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List under the cultural category. The price of through ticket is RMB40/per person and the opening hours from 8:00am-5.00pm (China Time). Events at the temple are held during The Chinese Spring Festival regularly, performing themes including the Folk Arts, the Local Customs and the Buddhist Cultures.