Laoshan is a mountain located near the southeastern coastline of theÂ Shandong Peninsula in China. It is the highest coastal mountain in China and the second highest mountain in Shandong, with the highest peak named Jufeng reaching 1,132.7 metres.Â The mountain lies about 30 kilometers to the northeast city ofÂ Qingdao and is protected by the Qingdao Laoshan National Park that covers an area of 446 square kilometers.
Laoshan is known as one of the birthplaces ofÂ Taoism and is the place where the Complete Perfection School of Taoism developed. In 412 CE, the ChineseÂ Buddhist pilgrimÂ Faxian landed near Laoshan on his return fromÂ India. In the course of history, numerous palaces,Â Taoist temples, and nunneries have been constructed on Laoshan. At the peak of Taoist worship, Laoshan was home to about 1,000 monks and nuns.
Laoshan is featured in many folk legends and festivals. For example, the martial arts style of the Northern Praying MantisÂ is attributed to Wang Lang, who is said to have developed it while living on Laoshan Mountain. Wang Lang is commemorated by a contemporary stone statue on the mountain; Chinese lunar January13th is said as the Dragon King’s birthday and fishermen from some villages in Laoshan should celebrate âThe Dragon Festivalâ. During the festival, from early morning every fishermanâs family does fireworks and places offerings to the temple for worshiping the sea Dragon and praying for a safe and good harvest new year for them.
There are six designated scenic areas on Laoshan: Taiqing, Chessboard Stone, Yangkou, Jufeng, Beijiushui and Hualou. The price of through ticket is RMB150/per person and the opening hours from 7:30am-4.30pm (China Time).